Topology is a mathematical study of geometric properties with several different branches such as algebraic and differential topology. Perhaps the first person to bring attention to the beginnings of topology was Euler. In 1736, Leonhard Euler published a paper relating the discovery of a different type of geometry where distance wasn’t relevant.
In addition to its purely mathematical beginnings, topology now refers to the layout of connected devices or the physical interconnection of various elements in computer networking. This can refer to various elements within a computer network such as links, nodes, or anything that makes up the virtural shape of the network. Network Topologies can be either physical or logical or both. For example, A Local Area Network (LAN) is an example of a network that is both physical and logical.
Topology in Math Studies
- Math World Mathemathical Topology Resources
- Algebraic and Geometric Topology Mathemathical Topology Articles and Studies
- Department of Mathematics at University of California Topology Research
- Cornell University Course notes, Book Projects, and Papers.
- Alegebraic Topology Topology Discussion Groups
- Algebraic Topology Topology Materials
- Topology Atlas Topology Materials, News, Topics, Etc.
- Topology Course Lecture Notes
- Pepperdine University Topology Information
- University of Oxford Topology Research Group
- Course Notes Introduction to Differential Topology
- Low Dimensional Topology Links to Low Dimensional Topology
- The Mathematical Association of America A List of Recommended Books on Topology
Topology in Science
- University of Berkeley Toplogy Stuides of Magnetic Alloys
- Department of Biochemistry, University of Bristol Topology sudies with Biosynthetic Gragments
- Macromolecules Topological Studies of Biomodal Networks
- Oak Ridge National Laboratory Cystallographic Topology
- Science Direct Proceedings of the Infinite Dimensional Analysis and Topology Conference 2009
- UC Davis Topology Glossary
Topology in Computer Network